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HEROES OF VARLOUR

Uganda is yet again to witness the world as it yet again pays homage to Ugandan heroes of faith on June 3. pilgrimages from different walks of life have sojourned far and wide under the intrinsic influence  of unfeigned self sacrifice in demise of individuals that deems one of the greatest deeds. This phenomenon arouse introspection of one’s relationship with God.

The 45 Catholic and Anglican martyrs are the retrospective actors and the sole reason to why a throng of people will fill to bulbous the Hoima diocese this year in adulation. Such an event is considered sacred by the sojourners, it’s like walking in the foot steps of the martyrs, the previous Saturday hundreds of pilgrimages participated in the what they called the ‘Walk of Faith’ which was flagged off at Munyonyo Martyrs shrine by Archbishop Dr Lwanga and the first Deputy Prime Minister, Gen Moses Ali, who represented the Prime Minister Mr Ruhakana Rugunda. The symbolic pilgrimage kicked-off at about 9.00am from Munyonyo Martyrs Shrine with a word of prayer and ended at St. Matia Mulumba Parish in Old Kampala.

The celebrated martyrs conformed to demise under the orders of Kabaka Mwanga II, by then King of Buganda between 1885 and 1887. Twenty-two Catholic Martyrs were beatified on 6 June 1920 by Pope Benedict XV, and on 18 October 1964, Pope Paul VI canonised them Saints. In addition to the Catholic Martyrs, there are two Catechists from Paimol: Blessed Daudi Okello and Blessed Jildo Irwa who were killed in 1918. The two were beatified by John Paul II on 20 October 2002.

lots of people have en devoured to contribute towards this commemoration but though so far are still short of the total budget of sh 579m.

 

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JOURNEY TO THE TASTE OF UGANDA’S COUSINES 2

When I was younger a friend of my mom’s came to have lunch with us. She was beyond impressed that she actually asked my mom for a recipe. In buganda a saying goes that he who has not been exposed enough will say that his mother is the best cook, well in this case allow me to defy it and say that when it comes to cooking malakwang, my mom ranks the best.

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malakwang tree in a compound

Malakwang  is a vegetable that was first planted in Acholi in the northern part of Uganda around people’s compounds. Since in Uganda it must have been a norm for each home to own a garden and rear  poultry. This delicacy then spread ground in other parts of Uganda in the east.  It is rather a bitter sauce which was discovered during the drought periods since it could withstand harsh weather.

When my mom’s friend came back to give her feedback, it was rather hilarious. My mother burst in to laughter at the imagination of her friend’s family’s discontent on her brand new try out delicacy which tuned out to be a disaster. The more she narrated her miserable epic fail, the more every body else laughed. None had the nerves to eat millet bread (akalo) with sour sauce. When she had lunch with us the sauce was rather a relish that had left a desiring mark in her tummy, what went wrong then.

HOW TO PREPARE MALAKWANG

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peanut paste in a bowl

One needs peanut paste of good quality. You could get it from the supermarkets, markets or any favorite shop. If your not certain then make it yourself at home. Buy raw peanuts and heat them in a saucepan over a moderate fire as your stiring to avoid getting them burnt but make sure they are brown when the top cover peels off. You remove the peelings by gently rubbing them on your hands. Grind the peanuts either traditionally with two grinding stones,the modern way of grain milling or using mortars and pestles.motar

Malakwang leaves which are plucked from the its stalk are placed in the a clean saucepan and boiled with water for 40 minutes just to make sure that it is softened. Put it aside and let it cool.

Meanwhile get your peanut in a bowl and add water to it, mix it and make all the  peanuts dissolve in water to make a  not so thick substance.

With available kitchen cutlery separate the boilled   leaves from its sour water. Pour out the latter you don’t need it anymore. With your hand press the leaves together to be certain that its water is all out.

In a different saucepan place your malakwang leaves and to it add the paste and salt. Take caution not to let the peanut dregs (peanut particles) in the sauce pan. Stir what you’ve put in the saucepan so as to amalgamate. Then heat it for 15 minutes and VALOR.

The measurements depend on the number of people your cooking for, but let you sauce have a thick texture with usage of more peanut paste to replace the sour water you got rid of. Don’t be like my mother’s friend who displayed cookery disaster and the family starved.

With a diet like this, you are working towards a natural method of reducing disease and enhancing your immune system. Since malakwang is a green leaf, like it many are rich in fiber, folic acid, magnesium, potassium, iron and calcium. This diet diminishes risks of cancer and heart disease. In short you’ll be a wealthiest person in terms of health.

 

 

 


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GO NATURAL WITH BLACK HAIR

Many women think that African natural hair is hard to keep because of it’s thickness and strong nature which compels many to adopt artificial hair for it’s problem are slim and may be to have it look like that of the westerns.  Well, whatever reason it may be, natural hair can be kept neat, clean and elegant as well with the right products.

Lookout for the products that contain humectants to keep your hair healthy and good looking. Below are some of the ingredients to look for when buying hair products especially for dry hair.

  • Diols and Triols- hexanetriol Butylene Glycol Dipropylene glycol Hexylene Glycol Glycerin Triethylene glycol natural-hair-450a110209Erythritol Capryl glycol Phytantriol Hexanediol or -triol beeswax
  • Humectants of biological origin-Panthenol Sodium PCA Hyaluronic acid Inositol Glycogen
  • Sugars and modified sugars-Sorbitol Polyglyceryl sorbitol Glucose Fructose Xylitol
  • Hydrolyzed proteins-Elastin, Collagen Silk Keratin
  • Ethers-Isoceteth-x, Isolaureth-x, Laneth-x, Laureth-x, Steareth-x PEG-x (polyethylene glycol)Silicone copolyols
  • Vegetable Humectants – aloe vera, vegetable glycerine
  • OTHER Humectants– Honey.

other ingredients are coconut, olive and avocado oils because these are deeply penetrating oils that carry moisture and nutrients to the core of the strand.

PRODUCTS TO USE

Popular natural hair care lines that can be found in Kampala are KeraCare (Delight Supplies and Eve and Nicco),  ORS Curls Unleashed in some major supermarkets.

Brands by Ugandan naturals -Nissi’s and Nature’s Fusions both found at Equatorial Shopping Arcade, Moisture Well, Livara and the Good Hair Collective. Other popular natural hair brands like Shea Moisture, Tressemme Naturals, Kinky Curly can be bought from individuals on the page.

For natural products like oils and Shea butter look up vendors on the suppliers and services file on the Natural Hair Uganda Facebook page.Most importantly Uganda is blessed with Shea Nilotica which is much softer than the West African Shea. Shea butter is an amazing natural conditioner

STYLING.

After cleaning  your hair with shampoo, you could have fun styling your hair to the event at hand or for just a stay home style. One could still look gorgeous. here are some of the hair dos you can try out yourself. Whether  its a funky look to spread out your face, loosely woven together or held high. whichever style you choose, let it adorn your face with with elegance and beauty.

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APRECIATION TO NATURAL HAIR UGANDA.

 


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THE EVIL WITHIN

With each day that comes forth, fear terrorizes the inhabitants of a Ggaba village. Word spreads across about the invisible troopers thirsty for blood. Unexplainable occurrences upon the villagers are orchestrated by a minority group dancing with the devil.

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During the course of weekdays, a mother of six wakes at 05:00am, under an influence of a common impetus of a
brighter future of her offspring through education. Somehow with relentless reliability, her children receive an education. At least it was pleasant while it lasted, for fate sought otherwise. Lurking in the covers of invisibility, fate engineered malevolence.

A tragic accident crippled Grace’s husband’s source of income when his taxi went head on with another. Miraculously though, his precious life was spared. In this case her personal vending shop ranked sole bread winner even though it hardly stood its ground after a few months of establishment. At commencement of next term, her children will not step foot in school.

In a desperate  accursed circumstances, a trying gift woven in a threat of a child presented itself. Isaac swore to have caught sight of extraordinary peculiar creatures demanding his life and at times chased him. A young boy of 10 years monstrously broke loose from shackles and successful in manhandling three macho men. Delirium with fear and lack of sleep, Isaac worried his family and neighbors.

There are situations that are simply incomprehensible and supersede modern day medicine yet bewilder many. A child of perfectly normal state radically falls sick yet no physical outlet supports the loss. The doctors are puzzled and clueless for the tests and an examination proves contrary to the state of allegedly sick child. Usually desperate times call for desperate measures.

Religious leaders are called to render aid. When these spiritual beings are confronted, it is generally known to reveal their intent to feed on victims as well as the identity of those who send them on an errand. Under the utmost interest of gaining wealth .This is what happened to another boy within the same vicinity as Isaac’s family.

Unfortunately the child breathed his last and his family moved. Alarmed, the fellow tenants beseeched the land lady to evict the alleged culprit but to no avail for she couldn’t simply lose a well paying tenant.

With no tangible proof, the police cannot arrest the accused suspect. But they can rescue a distressed woman from the clutches of angry mob exited with shame. Hajjat was bitterly forced to leave Ggaba when her house was invaded and savagely demolished to ground. For one thing ,the bereaved feud mate convinced the people that Hajjat used witchcraft that took her child’s life and that she actually did the same to keep her business booming. The angry mob was probably the customers turned victims of folly at knowledge of the bitter truth. God know what bodily specimens they consumed in the name of delicious samosas and other snacks for breakfast. The shame was unbearable, the thought disgusting. This torment escalated thus exile was most possible outlet of expression.

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NOAH SSERUNJOGI, A REGIONAL POLICE SPOKES PERSON

Taste for human flesh, child sacrifice (either physically or spiritual) abductions, use of witchcraft in edibles. Only to mention but a  few. These presentations of evil are gaining ground in Uganda. More and more reports of human marrow lovers are arrested (thirteen were arrested for making a meal of Peace Arinaitwe a mother and her 9 month child in Rakai) and witchcraft practitioners are exiled from their villagers or put behind bars by the terrified inhabitants for fear of their lives and those of their children.

Isaac’s parents together with a group of Christians had to supplicate to a highest being, the omnipotent one. They took labour to involve the almighty God  to strike the interloper in a child’s life. Fortunately, Isaac regained sanity and recuperated fully. Grace’s husband also attained a job and soon school was rescheduled.


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WHEN UGANDANS DANCE

Uganda is endowed with diverse exotic ethinic groups such as the Bantu speaking people which include the baganda, basoga, the Gishu who speak lumasaba live on the slopes of Mt. Elgon  and several others. The Iteso, Lango, Acholi and karamajong speak nilotics and inhabit the eastern and northern part of Uganda. And in the western part of uganda there are the Banyankore, Bakiga and many more. Most of these tribes possess distinct dance traits and movements intended to express emotions.

ACHOLI

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NDERE TROUPE BALANCING POTS ON THEIR HEADS

The lakaraka dance is a ceremonial dance of courtship and performed at wedding events. Women dressed colorful attires of short cascade skirts and bra like tops exposing the tummy area and some times vests or bras only. Ladies thrust out their chests and buttocks whenever a significant foot stumps the ground. With the help of a whistle the leader commands her group to change strokes/formation and rhythm. They are also known for balancing small pots on their heads each on top of the other while swinging hands as though imitating birds soaring in the sky with a huge smile. This special stoke is done by the Banyankore and Banyarwanda as well.  Meanwhile the men clothed in animal skins and shorts carry calabashes and hit them with small sticks. Bent down, legs apart and moving heads to the rhythm, men move in a muscular way and showing muscles so as to attract girls. Men also wear feathers on their heads.

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ACHOLI YOUTH DANCE BWOLA

The Mwel bwola is the dance performed in the royal court. Performed by older men and women in a cicular form to represent a fence around the palace. A small drum and a stick are held by each man rather than calabash and sticks.

 

 

BAGISU.

Bagisu imbalu

BRAVE CANDIDATES OF THE IMBALU

The mwaga dance is a ceremonial dance that reflects circumcision of young men in bugisu. This act is meant to transit young men to adulthood/ manhood. Annually the community breaks in an intrinsic frenzy welcoming  the imbalu. The candidate is decorated with skins. He has to wave two black and white columbus monkey tails in the air on his tour around the village escorted with a throng of followers dancing vigorously. Banana leaves tied to their waists and heads, they move according to the intricate rhythm played by the drummers (akadodi). The waist is the crucial body part in this dance.

The candidate  must display uttermost bravery through the circumcision process to earn respect for not only himself but also for his family.

BANYORO / BATOORO.

Runyege and Entogoro are ceremonial dances of the banyoro and batooro people from the western part of Uganda. It is performed by youth who wish to choose or to be chosen as marriage partners. The dance was named after rattles tied to the men’s legs known as ebinyege and entogoro to produce sounds and rhythms according to the stamp of the legs. They also use dancing aids tied around their waists.

Back in time it occurred that more than 10 men desired to marry one  beautiful and good looking girl. So the parents could organised a dance off among all men who wanted the girl with intent to choose the most relentless dancer. The winner would take the girl because parents preferred to have a strong son in laws who would care for their daughters in drought and famine seasons, in other words the best dancers indicated best marriage life.

BANYANKORE PEOPLE.

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Ekitaaguriro is an Ankole dance that portrays the overwhelming love of the cows by the people. It is performed by both male and female. The Ankole cattles have long curved horns thus making the dance graceful and aerial in nature as the women move side to side. The men imitate the movements of a cow while stamping their feet on the ground while intriguing sounds to complement the drums and flutes. This dance is related to that of the banyarwandas’.

BAGANDA

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BAGANDA YOUNG LADIES SHAKING

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MEN DANCING AMAGUNJU

The buganda people originate all their dances from the king’s palace.  D ressed in their costumes namely, ebikooyi around their waist and animal skin on top as well as ensaasa, and a vest and a small top shirt with raised shoulders and flat shoes. With each foot that is moved, the waist sways side ways and arms raised a bit to the chests’ length which moves gracefully. The baakisiimba is a dance of happiness and joy. This name originates from the king’s happiness. He drank tonto, the local liquor and out of his joy, he started praising the tonto makers. He said “abaakisiimba” meaning those who planted it, “beebakiwomya”meaning they made it sweet. The king who was happy started to dance. The musucians started to mimic the kings words on their drums while the ladies imitated the king’s movements and then eventually become the dance. This is combined  with Nankasa and eventually muwogola as the most vigorous for the climax and added attitude to the performance.
Amaggunju is another dance which was innitially invented to make the young king happy for cying on the throne was a bad omen. Men with uncle bells sounded good for the orphaned king and this dance was only to be danced by the people of obutiko clan( mushroom clan) only in palace. Today it is performed anywhere and by all generations.


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THE ART OF AFRICA

Africa is generally known for her enormous appreciation of colors. This is entirely expressed in their clothing attires, body paints and ornaments. A mixture of colors decorated in a labyrinth of complicated contours of a design. Attention consuming beneath a hot bright sun. This obsession for colors is widely spread through out Africa. Colors are relevant in communication and enhance beauty.

AFRICAN FASHION

Bitenges are the most popular outfits in exotic shapes and sizes according to the mental imagination of a designer. They come in packages of dresses, shirts, and shorts. Bitenges as locally known in Uganda have gone far and wide thus adopted by foreign nations though are strongly adored in the west Africa. A symbol of glamour, decency and beauty.fg Today these designs are further explored to exotic creation of omhandbags, handkerchiefs, earrings and shoes. Other attires besides bitenga are traditional attires such as Omushanana, Gomesi,  colourful dressing codes of the Karamajong in northern Uganda only to mention but a few.

 

Besides the clothes Africans usually wear ornaments to complement the entire appearance. These could be necklaces, ear rings, ankle-laces, wrist ornaments and not the least body paint. This is for enhancement of beauty, a mark of a tribe or status in the community. AA AAAA All appearances have an occasion to which they all fit to. It could be a wedding, child birth, naming of children,  celebration occasions, artistic expression, thanks giving to gods and cultural make up.

In Africa, the architectural abilities are also brightened by different colors as means of expression and communication like the Ndebele people during colonial rule. Limitations with colors is far from known for imagination is unlimited.The colors makes the house attractive and welcoming.

ndebele-house-painting-6[2]NDEBERE HOUSE PAINT.

 

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ELIGIBLE CANDIDATES, SINGLE AND READY TO MINGLE.

When it comes to celebration of beauty, the Bororo of Niger are ranked the inventors of beauty pergents. The wodaabe beauty contest called Geerewol is a display of beauty through painting on faces meant to  afford one a wife. At the end of the show, a spontaneous marriage born of  dreams of love and romance is unleashed. On rampage with strong exchange of emotion.

 

IN MODERN

The African trend of fashion is booming not only in Africa but also in the western world as well. Women wear Copy-of-300x250-snow_256 (2)colorful African embroidery such as wrist bands, necklaces and earrings to bring out pure reflection of beauty and glamour.   The tradition of cultural wedding still exists today in Africa. With traditional weeding dresses, maid gowns and accessories to get the show on the road.

When it comes to interior designs, African decor rank exotic, friendly and cosy. usually the idols and artistic portraits  of women, wild animals and flora utter out and African air. Artistic idols are made of wood for it’s durability and clay.


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DIRE TIMES

The constitution of Uganda was established to ensure social, political and economic security, under which development is ensured. Over the years, Uganda has experienced several displayed acts of internal and external violence. In regard to distortion of constitutionalism. Several insensitive and brutal activities on rampage  has made Ugandans to grow faint in the credibility of the existing government and the security system.

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At rally gatherings of the opposition leaders in 2009 and 2011, police used live ammunition to disperse the crowds.  Government has failed to hold security forces accountable for the April 2011 killings of a two year old Abigail Julian Nalwanga of Masaka in Nyendo Ssenyange division, Dan Musa Wasaga and Charles Odur of Gulu and six others from Kampala during walk to work campaign.Chaos stroke once again in Kampala on April 28 and 29 when police violently arrested Dr Kizza Besigye and the following morning the residents of Kampala burned car tires and throwing stones. On that day 84 were injured and rushed to Mulago, 64 sustained bullet wounds. Arrests amounted to 360 in Kampala and Mbale. Even in 2016 electoral campaigns police, obstructed the campaign sessions of the other opposition presidential candidate. Dr.Kizza Besigye and Amama Mbabazi in particular. The former was put under house arrest for more than a fortnight. Even though the elections were free but were certainly not fair.

In the whole long thirty years of National Resistance Army reign in power, activities of abuse of power through putrid government officials seems to be a common case in Uganda. Geoffrey Kazinda a former principal accoutant in the office of the the prime minister  was charged with misuse of office and then sentenced to five years in prison by the anti-corruption court in Kampala. Justice David Wangutusi took charge of the case. Kazinda had forged 26 of his own and his boss’ signatures and channeled billions of money to his personal account. His boss Mr.Pius Bigirimana is also the former permanent secretary in the office of the prime minister.

The former vice president Gilbert Bukenya, former foreign affairs minister Sam Kutesa, John Nasasira former minister of works in 2007 and finally Mwesigwa Rukutana former minister of labour were to be charged for profiting from  $3.9m (£2.4m) deal. It was meant to supply luxurious cars to heads of state that would attend common wealth head government summit. Former health minister Jim Muhwezi and his deputy captain Mike Mukula were in the middle of 2008 global fund scandal that left the health system crippled. These and other cases paint the government as rotten from it’s core of integrity and its credibility questioned.

Parliament consented to the uplifting of term limit in 2005 after an inducement of shs 5million that each pro-movement member of parliament attained. Lwemiyaga MP Theodore Ssekikubo blew the whistle even though he also consented to the amendment.  Sycophancy in this case exceeded public interest and integrity. For some MPs who had vowed to oppose the move eventually changed minds. For example Henry Banyenzaki. Eventually leaders who spoke out about the move were dropped during a cabinet reshuffle that followed. These include, Miria Matembe, former army commander Mugisha Muntu, first deputy prime minister Eriya Kategaya and others.

 

police dispersing people

police disperse people

The government established a public order management act in 2013 and endowed police power to grant or to deny and disperse unauthorised assemblies. Especially if the discussions are political in nature. This act controls people rather than regulating assemblies under a common disguise of preventing crimes. It also contravenes article 29 (1) (d) as well as article 20 (1,2) as provided for in the constitution. In addition to that the media is always censored from delivery of information.Journalists and media houses face threat of suspension or dismissal for “being seen to provide the opposition with a platform” or reporting on issues deemed sensitive by local authorities during elections. In 2013, when a confidential information leaked about Museveni preparing his son to succeed him. The Daily monitor, The red paper and KFM radio faced it rough. In March police raided kigezi radio station and kasese guide radio to put to a halt to talk shows featuring Mugisha Muntu head of opposition forum for democratic change party.

Several special security personnel  had been recruited and credited as crime preventers prior elections. These were given autonomy to assume position of security during elections. People perceived crime preventors as a threat rather than security and were loothful to acknowledge them all together. Their presence triggered memories of kiboko squad who first surfaced in 2007 and 2010. These well wielders of sticks, reappeared in 2016 whipping frightened people on their backs regardless of age and gender. If your near a whip you get clobbered. The police didn’t mind them besides stick wielders seem to work on their side. Despite the demonstrations in 2016, President Museveni celebrated his electoral victory making 30 years in power.

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A burnt home in Rwenzori region during the unrest

Calamity stroke the Rwenzori region the early 2016 where anonymous army group attacked and disabled the regional police and later terrorized the whole community. Lives were snatched away and fear took hold of the region hence the majority fled to nearby communities to seek refuge. This terrorism occurrence compelled the government to deploy more reinforcement thus sparked off an exchange of ammunition in which more people lost lives and survivors dispersed under the influence of fear. It’s sheer rendezvous that the same incident occurred in 2014. The government of Uganda failed to investigate this violence in which at least 100 people were killed in western Rwenzori region. Numerous reports suggest that after a July 5, 2014 attack on military barracks and police posts, civilians were mutilated, killed and tortured in Ntoroko, kasese and Bundibugyo districts.